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一週4天工作制試點在冰島大獲成功

來源:chinadaily 編輯:Villa   可可英語APP下載 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

Trials of a four-day week in Iceland were an "overwhelming success" and led to many workers moving to shorter hours, researchers have said.

研究人員表示,冰島試行的一週4天工作制“大獲成功”,並導致許多員工縮短了工作時間。

The trials, in which workers were paid the same amount for shorter hours, took place between 2015 and 2019.

這項試點活動於2015年至2019年間開展,員工的工作時間減少了,但是薪酬卻沒有降低。

Productivity remained the same or improved in the majority of workplaces, researchers said.

研究人員稱,大多數工作場所的生產效率都保持不變或有所提升。

A number of other trials are now being run across the world, including in Spain and by Unilever in New Zealand.

目前世界多地也在試行一週4天工作制,包括西班牙和新西蘭的聯合利華公司。

In Iceland, the trials run by Reykjavík City Council and the national government eventually included more than 2,500 workers, which amounts to about 1% of Iceland's working population.

在冰島,這項由雷克雅未克市議會和國家政府開展的試點活動最後覆蓋了2500多名員工,相當於冰島勞動人口的1%。

Many of them moved from a 40 hour week to a 35 or 36 hour week, researchers from UK think tank Autonomy and the Association for Sustainable Democracy (Alda) in Iceland said.

英國智庫Autonomy和冰島可持續民主協會的研究人員稱,他們當中的許多人從每週工作40個小時改為每週工作35或36個小時。

The trials led unions to renegotiate working patterns, and now 86% of Iceland's workforce have either moved to shorter hours for the same pay, or will gain the right to, the researchers said.

研究人員稱,試點活動導致工會重新協商工作模式,如今冰島86%的勞動力可以在不降薪的條件下縮短工作時間,或將能獲得這一權利。

Workers reported feeling less stressed and at risk of burnout, and said their health and work-life balance had improved.

員工報告稱,實行一週4天工作制後,壓力減小了,過度疲勞的風險降低了,身體更健康了,工作和生活的平衡也有所改善。

Will Stronge, director of research at Autonomy, said: "This study shows that the world's largest ever trial of a shorter working week in the public sector was by all measures an overwhelming success.

Autonomy的研究部主任威爾·斯特朗説:“這項研究表明,世界有史以來公共部門最大型的短周工作制試點在各個方面都取得了壓倒性的勝利。”

"It shows that the public sector is ripe for being a pioneer of shorter working weeks - and lessons can be learned for other governments."

“研究顯示,冰島公共部門率先實行短周工作制的時機已經成熟,並能為他國政府提供經驗。”

Spain is piloting a four day working week for companies in part due to the challenges of coronavirus.

西班牙正在一些公司試行一週4天工作制,某種程度上是因為新冠疫情帶來的挑戰。

And Unilever in New Zealand is also giving staff a chance to cut their hours by 20% without hurting their pay in a trial.

新西蘭的聯合利華公司也給員工提供了不降薪但工作時間減少20%的機會。

In May, a report commissioned by the 4 Day Week campaign from Platform London suggested that shorter hours could cut the UK's carbon footprint.

今年五月,英國倡議組織Platform London的“4天工作周”運動項目組委託撰寫的報告指出,縮短工作時間可以減少英國的碳足跡。

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campaign [kæm'pein]

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n. 運動,活動,戰役,競選運動
v. 從事運

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overwhelming ['əuvə'welmiŋ]

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adj. 勢不可擋的,壓倒的

 
trial ['traiəl]

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adj. 嘗試性的; 審訊的
n. 嘗試,努力

 
association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

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n. 聯合,結合,交往,協會,社團,聯想

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population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

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n. 人口 ,(全體)居民,人數

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director [di'rektə, dai'rektə]

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n. 董事,經理,主管,指導者,導演

 
tank [tæŋk]

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n. 坦克,箱,罐,槽,貯水池
vt. 把 .

 
democracy [di'mɔkrəsi]

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n. 民主,民主制,民主國家

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majority [mə'dʒɔriti]

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n. 多數,大多數,多數黨,多數派
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eventually [i'ventjuəli]

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